Spring Boot + Angular 8 CRUD Example

On this page, we are going to integrate Spring Boot RESTful service with Angular 8 to perform create,  read, update, and delete (CRUD) operation step by step. Angular is one of the most popular open-source web application frameworks and Spring Boot makes it easy to create stand-alone, production-ready applications that you can “just run”.

What you’ll build

In this demo, you will create Spring Boot RESTful API (backend) and Angular 8 user interface (frontend) from scratch to perform the below operations:

  1. Add student
  2. View the list of students
  3. Edit the student
  4. Delete the student

To make it more easy to understand, we have divided this tutorial into two parts:

  • Backend → creates the REST endpoint with Spring Boot and accesses the database using Spring Data JPA.
  • Frontend → creates the user interface services (web pages) using Angular 8.


We have used the following technologies while creating this Spring Boot + Angular 8 CRUD application.

    1. Backend
      • Spring Boot 2.1.9.RELEASE
      • Java 8
      • Spring Data JPA
      • MySQL Database
    2. Frontend
      • Nodejs v10.16.2
      • npm 6.9.0
      • Angular CLI 8.3.3

Let’s begin the actual piece of coding…

1. Backend- API Development

We will create a Spring Boot application that exposes the GET, ADD, EDIT, DELETE API so that the client-side can consume it.

1.1 Dependency Required

Add the following dependencies to your pom.xml file.


1.2 Project Structure

The final project structure of our application in STS 4 IDE will look like as follows:

Spring Boot + Angular 8 CRUD Example

1.3 Create Database

Open your MySQL database and create a fresh database by the following command.

#create database <database-name-of-your-choice>;
CREATE DATABASE spring_angular;

You can also use your previously created database.

Don’t worry about creating tables, Spring Data JPA will manage it.

1.4 application.properties

Set your database connection strings, server port, context path, etc in the application.properties file.

# Set application port and context path

# MySQL database connection strings

# JPA property settings

1.5 Entity

Create a Student class that holds all the attributes of a student.

package org.websparrow.entity;

@Table(name = "student")
public class Student implements Serializable {

	private static final long serialVersionUID = 1681261145191719508L;
	@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
	private int id;
	private String firstName;
	private String lastName;
	private String email;

	// Generate Getters and Setters...

1.6 Repository

The StudentRepository interface will extend the JpaRepository interface that exposes CRUD methods.

package org.websparrow.repository;

public interface StudentRepository extends JpaRepository<Student, Integer> {


1.7 Date Access Layer (DAO)

StudentDAO class will autowired the StudentRepository interface to perform the operation at the database level.

package org.websparrow.dao;

public class StudentDAO {

	private StudentRepository studentRepository;

	public List<Student> get() {
		return studentRepository.findAll();

	public Student save(Student student) {
		return studentRepository.save(student);

	public void delete(int id) {

1.8 Service

The service layer implements the business logic and calling a method from a DAO object.

package org.websparrow.service;

public class StudentService {

	private StudentDAO studentDAO;

	public List<Student> get() {
		return studentDAO.get();

	public Student save(Student student) {
		return studentDAO.save(student);

	public void delete(int id) {

1.9 Model

Response model class is responsible for displaying the API response in an organized format.

package org.websparrow.model;

public class Response {

	// Generate Getters and Setters...
	private Object data;
	private Date date;

	public Response(Object data, Date date) {
		this.data = data;
		this.date = date;

1.10 Controller

Create StudentController class which will expose endpoints for the following:

1. /api/student :GET retrieve list of student

2. /api/student :POST add a new student

3. /api/student :PUT updates existing student

4. /api/student :DELETE deletes the student

package org.websparrow.controller;

@RestController(value = "/student")
public class StudentController {

	private StudentService studentService;

	public ResponseEntity<Response> get() {
		return ResponseEntity.status(HttpStatus.OK)
				.body(new Response(studentService.get(), new Date()));

	public ResponseEntity<Response> save(@RequestBody Student student) {
		return ResponseEntity.status(HttpStatus.OK)
				.body(new Response(studentService.save(student), new Date()));

	public ResponseEntity<Response> update(@RequestBody Student student) {
		return ResponseEntity.status(HttpStatus.OK)
				.body(new Response(studentService.save(student), new Date()));

	public ResponseEntity<Response> delete(@RequestParam("id") int id) {
		return ResponseEntity.status(HttpStatus.OK)
				.body(new Response(true, new Date()));

1.11 Web MVC Configuration

When we try to consume the API using JavaScript outside the backend project, the web browser raises a warning regarding CORS. So, for handling that we have allowed all origins to connect with our APIs.

package org.websparrow.config;

public class WebConfiguration implements WebMvcConfigurer {

	public void addCorsMappings(CorsRegistry registry) {

Finally, the development of  REST APIs is completed and ready to consume.

2. Frontend- UI Development

The user interface is the point where a human can interact with the computer (application). Angular 8 is used to create the user interface and will consume the above APIs.

To work on the frontend development, you have to follow the below steps:

1. Download Nodejs form below link according to your OS:

2. After installing Nodejs install Angular CLI: it is a command-line tool for building, scaffolding and install angular-cli on your machine globally:

npm install -g @angular/cli

3. Create an Angular project by typing the below command. It will create a skeleton project structure is same as below:

ng new springboot-angular8-ui

4. Let’s jump into the newly created Angular project:

cd springboot-angular8-ui

2.1 Project Structure

The basic skeleton of the Angular project created by ng new springboot-angular8-ui command in VS Code will look like as follows:

Spring Boot + Angular 8 CRUD Example

Let’s discuss some main files and directories from the above structure:

2.1.1 package.json

The package.json file is the main building block of the Angular/Node system. It is the manifest file that contains the metadata and dependencies of the project. NPM uses package.json file to manage application, dependency, and packaging. You can create the above file using npm init command, which will be part of our next article.

2.1.2 tsconfig.json

tsconfig.json file guides the compiler to generate JavaScript files. It specifies the root files and the compiler options required to compile the project.

2.1.3 angular.json

This file provides information about the Angular application environment which tells the system to replace which files at the time of building build of a project. It also describes where to put the build of a project and what kind of compilation process will be used ex: aot or jit.

2.1.4 src

This folder contains the root level application project.

2.1.5 node_modules

It provides npm packages for the whole project.

2.1.6 package-lock.json

This file is automatically created when npm modifies node_modules tree or package.json. It describes the dependency tree such that teammates, deployments, and continuous integration are guaranteed to install exactly the same dependencies. So, the user doesn’t need to push node_modules to the repository.

2.2 Interface

Create interface Student which will have the same fields as the database:

ng g i interface/student
export interface Student {
    id: number,
    firstName: string,
    lastName: string,
    email: string

2.3 Service

Now let’s create a service that will consume rest API. HttpClient is used to communicate with backend services. Use the following command inside the project structure.

ng g s services/web

This command will create an injectable service from which you will consume the REST API.

Spring Boot + Angular 8 CRUD Example

Import HttpClientModule in app.module.ts. The HttpClient service is included in HttpClientModule so we need to import it first to initiate XSRFrequest.

import { HttpClientModule } from "@angular/common/http";

Add HttpClientModule inside imports:

  declarations: [
  imports: [
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
export class AppModule { }

To achieve REST-based communication with backend service. For that, you need to used HttpClient of @angular/common/http package that offers HTTP client API for Angular applications on which XMLHttpRequest exposed by the browser.

import { environment } from "../../environments/environment";
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';
import { Student } from '../interface/student.interface';
import { HttpClient } from "@angular/common/http";
import { Injectable } from "@angular/core";
export class WebService {

    constructor(private httpClient: HttpClient) { }

    serverUrl: string = "http://localhost:8080/api/"

    get(url: string): Observable<any> {
        return this.httpClient.get(this.serverUrl + url);

    post(url: string, data: Student): Observable<any> {
        return this.httpClient.post(this.serverUrl + url, data);

    put(url: string, data: Student): Observable<any> {
        return this.httpClient.put(this.serverUrl + url, data);

    delete(url: string, data: Student): Observable<any> {
        return this.httpClient.delete(this.serverUrl + url, { params: { id: data.id + "" } });

Add service to providers in app.module.ts. You must need to configure an injector with a provider, or it won’t know how to create the dependency.

  declarations: [
  imports: [
  providers: [WebService],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
export class AppModule { }

2.4 Component

A component is the basic UI building block of the Angular app. It controls the view of the application. Create student-view component which will show a list of students:

ng g c student-view

By using this command most of your work is done by the Angular CLI, you don’t need to declare your component inside app.module.ts

Spring Boot + Angular 8 CRUD Example

2.4.1 Design HTML Page

Let’s design the HTML page now. Bootstrap CSS is used for styling in this application, so you need to install below packages:

npm install bootstrap –save

You can skip this step if you don’t want to include Bootstrap CSS in your application.

Add bootstrap.min.css file in angular.json file inside the styles section.

"styles": [
<div class="container">
    <div class="row">
        <h1 style="text-align: center;">Spring Boot + Angular 8 CRUD Example</h1>
    <div class="row">
        <form [formGroup]="myForm" (ngSubmit)="submitForm(myForm)">
            <div class="form-row align-items-center">
                <div class="col-auto">
                    <label class="sr-only" for="inlineFormInput">First Name</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control mb-2" id="inlineFormInput" placeholder="First name"
                <div class="col-auto">
                    <label class="sr-only" for="inlineFormInputGroup">Last Name</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" id="inlineFormInput" placeholder="Last name"
                <div class="col-auto">
                    <label class="sr-only" for="inlineFormInputGroup">Email</label>
                    <input type="text" class="form-control" id="inlineFormInput" placeholder="Email"
                <div class="col-auto">
                    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary mb-2" [disabled]="!myForm.valid">Save</button>
    <div class="row">
        <table class="table table-hover">
                    <th scope="col">#</th>
                    <th scope="col">First</th>
                    <th scope="col">Last</th>
                    <th scope="col">Email</th>
                    <th scope="col">Action</th>
                <tr *ngFor="let student of usersList; let i=index">
                    <th scope="row">{{i+1}}</th>
                        <span style="margin-right: 10px"><button (click)="edit(student)"
                                class="btn btn-primary mb-2">Edit</button> </span>
                        <span><button (click)="delete(student)" class="btn btn-primary mb-2">Delete</button></span>

Write component to perform actions as we discussed earlier:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { Student } from '../interface/student.interface';
import { FormGroup, FormBuilder, FormControl, Validators, Form } from '@angular/forms';
import { WebService } from '../sevices/web.service';

  selector: 'app-student-view',
  templateUrl: './student-view.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./student-view.component.css']
export class StudentViewComponent implements OnInit {

  ngOnInit(): void {
  url: string = 'student';
  title = 'Spring Boot + Angular 8 CRUD Example';
  usersList: Array<Student>
  student: Student = undefined
  myForm: FormGroup;

  constructor(private webService: WebService, private formBuilder: FormBuilder) { }

  private createForm() {
    this.myForm = this.formBuilder.group({
      firstName: new FormControl(this.student ? this.student.firstName : '', Validators.required),
      lastName: new FormControl(this.student ? this.student.lastName : '', Validators.required),
      email: new FormControl(this.student ? this.student.email : '', Validators.required)
  private submitForm(data: FormGroup) {
    if (data.valid)

  getData(): void {
    this.webService.get(this.url).subscribe(res => {
      let response = JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(res))
      this.usersList = response.data

  addStudent(student: Student): void {
    if (this.student)
      student.id = this.student.id
    this.webService.post(this.url, student).subscribe(res => {
      let response = JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(res))
      this.student = undefined
    }, error => {

  edit(student: Student): void {
    this.student = student

  delete(student: Student): void {
    this.webService.delete(this.url, student).subscribe(res => {
      let data = JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(res))
    }, error => {

As we are using Forms in our application. So, we need to update our app.module.ts with FormsModule and ReactiveFormsModule.

import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { FormsModule, ReactiveFormsModule } from "@angular/forms";
import { HttpClientModule } from "@angular/common/http";
import { AppRoutingModule } from './app-routing.module';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { StudentViewComponent } from './student-view/student-view.component';
import { WebService } from "./sevices/web.service";
  declarations: [
  imports: [
  providers: [WebService],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
export class AppModule { }

Now the final step is to update app.component.html file with your StutentViewComponent’s selector:


This tag will render your student view component.

3. Test the application

Finally, the development of backend (APIs) and frontend (UI) is completed. To test the application, you need to follow the below steps:

1. Start your backend (APIs) application which you have developed using Spring Boot.

2. Go to your frontend (UI) directory where you have created the Angular project and hit the following command:

npm install

It will install the necessary dependencies/libraries/modules.

3. After installation of modules, start your frontend (UI) application using the command:

npm start

4. Now, open your favorite web browser and hit the http://localhost:4200 URL and perform the CRUD operation.


  1. Spring Boot RESTful CRUD Example with MySQL Database
  2. Spring Boot RESTful Web Service with JPA and MySQL
  3. Spring Boot RESTful Web Service Example
  4. Angular
  5. Angular CLI

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About the Author

Manish Fartiyal
Hi!, I'm Manish Fartiyal, a full-stack web application developer. I love Java and other open-source technology, currently working at one of the top MNC in India. Read all published posts by Manish Fartiyal.