Java 8 – Find Non Duplicate Elements from List

In Java 8, you can use the Stream API and lambda expression features to find the non-duplicates element from a list.


//Test Case 1
int[] nums = [1, 4, 8, 1, 11, 5, 4];
Output = [8, 11, 5]

//Test Case 2
String[] cities = ["Bengaluru", "Varanasi", "New Delhi", "Bengaluru"];
Output = ["Varanasi", "New Delhi"]
Java 8 - Find Non Duplicate Elements from List

Here’s an example that demonstrates the usage using Java 8 features:
package org.websparrow;

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.function.Function;

public class FindNonDuplicate {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        List<Integer> numbers = Arrays.asList(1, 4, 8, 1, 11, 5, 4);

        List<Integer> nonDuplicateNums = findNonDuplicates(numbers);

        System.out.println("Non Duplicate Numbers: " + nonDuplicateNums);

        List<String> cities = Arrays.asList("Bengaluru", "Varanasi", "New Delhi", "Bengaluru");

        List<String> nonDuplicateCities = findNonDuplicates(cities);

        System.out.println("Non Duplicate Cities: " + nonDuplicateCities);

    public static <T> List<T> findNonDuplicates(List<T> list) {

        Map<T, Long> countMap =
                .collect(Collectors.groupingBy(Function.identity(), Collectors.counting()));

                .filter(element -> countMap.get(element) == 1)

In the above code, the findNonDuplicates() method uses the Collectors.groupingBy() collector to group the elements in the list based on their identity (i.e., the element itself) and count their occurrences using Collectors.counting(). The result is a map (countMap) with each element as the key and its count as the value.

Then, using the stream again, we filter out the elements that have a count of 1 (i.e., non-duplicates) by accessing the count from the countMap and collect them into a new list using toList().

The output will be:

Non Duplicate Numbers: [8, 11, 5]
Non Duplicate Cities: [Varanasi, New Delhi]


  1. Java 8- Find the nth Highest Salary
  2. Java 8 Stream- Sum of List of Integers
  3. Collectors – JavaDoc
  4. Stream API – JavaDoc

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Atul Rai
I love sharing my experiments and ideas with everyone by writing articles on the latest technological trends. Read all published posts by Atul Rai.